Fait partie de [OMC33]

1998 - 237 p.

Nine Hungarian almond cultivars in the Republic of Macedonia

Ristevski B., Georgiev D.

Since the fall 1986 in the region of Skopje at an altitude of 240 and 600 m nine Hungarian cultivars of almond trees have been planted. As control-standard cultivars Nonpareil and Ferragnes were used. Regular phenological observation, resistance, yield and quality of fruits are here studied. Hungarian cultivars of almond are distinguished by an early and moderate blooming which is about one week before Nonpareil and two weeks before Ferragnes. Besides, the early blooming cultivars of Tetenyi record and Szigetcsepi 92, are distinguished by a resistance to spring frosts. With winter frosts of -25 degrees C (January 7, 1993) the most resistant was Tetenyi kemenheju with 11 per cent of frozen flower buds. Most of the Hungarian almond cultivars, ripe early, before Ferragnes, and later (October) with ripening is Szigetcsepi 55. With regular and abundant production in both localities there are cultivar T. record (1460 kg per ha), T. kedvenc (1060 kg per ha) and T. kemenheju (698 kg kernels per ha). According to fruitfulness, resistance to frosts, early ripening and quality of fruits, these cultivars are considered not only for the breeding but for the production of the commercial orchards on the hilly and colder regions also.



Citer cet article    

Ristevski B., Georgiev D. Nine Hungarian almond cultivars in the Republic of Macedonia. X GREMPA Seminar . Zaragoza : CIHEAM, 1998. p. 191-196. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 33). 10. GREMPA Seminar, 1996/10/14-17, Meknès (Morocco). http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/c33/98606185.pdf