Fait partie de [OMC17]

1996 - 245 p.

Structure de la commercialisation des produits de la mer au Maroc

Abouhala A., Boukabous R.

Morocco is the first producing and exporting country of sea products in Africa and the Arabic world. The sea products represent 15 per cent of total exportations and 50 per cent of agricultural food products. With a potential of 1.5 million tons, Moroccan catches reached 750,686 tons in 1994 which represent US$ 550 million in value. 560,000 tonnes (US$ 120 million) have been exported. The main destinations are the EU countries (France, Spain, Portugal and Italy) and Japan. The aquaculture products represent only 0.18 per cent in quality and 1.95 per cent in value. The local consumption of sea products remains low and shows slow development (4 kg/pers/year in 1980 against 7.5 kg/pers/year in 1994). This represents only 25 per cent of the total catches of which 60 per cent is of low value fishes. The other destinations are: Fresh fish for export (18.8 per cent), canned fish (13.4 per cent), frozen fish (0.4 per cent), salted fish (0.2 per cent) and by-products (41.9 per cent). 95 per cent of sea-bass and sea-bream from aquaculture are exported. Eels are totally exported. The main market is Europe (Italy, France, Spain, Netherlands.). Oysters, clams and freshwater fish are locally consumed. In general, the trade in Morocco is directed to export. The local market is limited to coastal areas and low value species. The limited trade channels do not allow rapid development of fish consumption inside the other regions..



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Abouhala A., Boukabous R. Structure de la commercialisation des produits de la mer au Maroc. Marketing of aquaculture products . Zaragoza : CIHEAM, 1996. p. 103-108. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 17). Seminar of the CIHEAM Network on Socio-economic and Legal Aspects of Aquaculture in the Mediterranean (SELAM), 1995/10/11-13, Thessaloniki (Greece). http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/c17/96605676.pdf