Fait partie de [OMC62]

2004 - 489 p.
  p. 17-26

Rangeland improvement and management options in arid environment of Central and South Tunisia

Nefzaoui A.

Rangelands in arid Tunisia are facing several problems with regard to their management. Deep transformations in land tenure status, due to collective rangeland privatisation and subsequent cropping and tree planting of the best pasturelands, have occurred over the past fifty years with strong technical and socio-economical impacts. In this contribution, different rangeland management practices are reviewed and analysed using results of rapid rural appraisals, household surveys and econometric analysis of 5 samples from communities of the Central and Southern Tunisia. Production systems are analysed for the different rangeland management options, current land use, and farm and off-farm income distribution. Finally, the paper reviews the main technical options for arid rangeland improvement: Deferred grazing, reseeding, shrub planting, and fertilizer application. Most of these techniques seem to be inefficient under harsh environments, and appropriate management tools involving users-communities and based on the promotion of local institutions remain probably the most promising solution.



Citer cet article    

Nefzaoui A. Rangeland improvement and management options in arid environment of Central and South Tunisia. In : Ferchichi A. (comp.), Ferchichi A. (collab.). Réhabilitation des pâturages et des parcours en milieux méditerranéens . Zaragoza : CIHEAM, 2004. p. 17-26. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 62). 11. Réunion du Sous-Réseau Ressources Fourragères Méditerranéennes du Réseau Coopératif Interrégional FAO-CIHEAM de Recherche et Développement sur les Pâturages et les Cultures Fourragères, 2002/10/29-2002/11/01, Djerba (Tunisia). http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/c62/04600123.pdf