Fait partie de [OMA60]

image non disponible
2004 - 335 p.

Animal production technologies

Gabiña D., El Shaer H.

This paper summarizes the results of the evaluation of technologies well adapted to improving the sustainability of animal production systems, especially small ruminants, in Mediterranean rainfed conditions. Technologies have been evaluated at research, demonstration and on-farm levels. The correct management of rangelands, with fertilisation, reseeding and grazing management; new forages, including shrubs; feed blocks; and the utilisation or the improvement of the quality of some agricultural by-products can provide valuable nutritional resources. Correct reproduction planning and the use of techniques such as the 'ram effect' have proven to be a way to improve the reproductive performances. Genetic improvement, through selection or cross-breeding, can be another important tool to improve traits of economic importance. Finally, some of the technologies evaluated, such as the use of fences or complete low-cost rations, have shown to be useful when the availability of labour is a limiting factor for the production system.



Citer cet article    

Gabiña D., El Shaer H. Animal production technologies. In : Cantero-Martínez C. (ed.), Gabiña D. (ed.). Mediterranean rainfed agriculture: Strategies for sustainability . Zaragoza : CIHEAM, 2004. p. 231-261. (Options Méditerranéennes : Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; n. 60). Final Seminar of the Regional Action Programme on Rainfed Agriculture (RAP-RAG), 2003/06/02-03, Zaragoza (Spain). http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/a60/04600071.pdf